Saturday, May 27, 2017

Getting to know the native trees, bushes, and vines of the South Cumberland Region

Lately, I have taken a keen interest in the trees, bushes and vines that make up the larger flora of the South Cumberland Region.  I found a Virginia Tech University website that has been most helpful in the process.  It contains Dendrology Factsheets, one tree, bush, or vine species per page.  Dendrology is defined as the scientific study of trees.  The species are arranged by family, then genus.  Since each tree they described, has a map of the area it naturally occurs, I could hone in on only those species that naturally occur in the South Cumberland region of Tennessee.  When I did this, nearly 100 species remained  I list only those species, and have kept them arranged by family, then  by genus, and finally by species.  There is a Fact Sheet for each species.  I am now in the process of identifying every tree, bush, and vine on our 1.4-acre property, using these Fact Sheets.  Surrounding our garden are trees, and trees create shade.  Though surrounded by trees, the garden area is open enough so that every plant in the garden receives at least a half day of full sunshine, at least on those days where is sun actually shining.  Lately, we have been getting a lot of rain, so some plants are starting to get a little bit etiolated.

So here is the list, again by family, then by genus and species.  Frequency of their occurrence in the Southern Cumberland region and occurrence on our 1.4-acre property are noted, where A = abundant; B = Common, C = Occasional, D = rare, I = introduced, and "-" = either never seen or haven't recognized it for what it is:

Family Virginia Tech Factsheet Common name Cumberland Home
Aceraceae Acer negundo Boxelder D -
Aceraceae Acer rubrum Maple, Red A A
Aceraceae Acer saccharinum Maple, Silver C -
Aceraceae Acer saccharum Maple, Sugar B -
Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron pubescens Oak, Poison A A
Annonaceae Asimina triloba Pawpaw D -
Araliaceae Aralia spinosa Devil's Walking Stick D -
Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia macrophylla Dutchman's Pipe D -
Asteraceae Baccharis halimifolia Baccharis, Eastern D -
Berberidaceae Berberis canadensis Barberry, American D -
Betulaceae  Alnus serrulata Alder, Hazel C -
Betulaceae  Betula alleghaniensis Birch, Yellow C -
Betulaceae  Betula lenta Birch, Sweet B B
Betulaceae  Betula nigra Birch, River D -
Betulaceae  Carpinus caroliniana Hornbeam D -
Bignoniaceae Bignonia capreolata Crossvine D -
Bignoniaceae Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper D -
Calycanthaceae Calycanthus floridus Sweetshrub, Common D -
Celastraceae Celastrus scandens Bittersweet, American D -
Cornaceae Cornus florida Dogwood, Flowering B B
Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum (Black tupelo) A -
Cupressaceae Juniperus virginiana Redcedar, Eastern C -
Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana Persimmon, Common B B
Ericaceae Kalmia latifolia Laurel, Mountain B -
Ericaceae Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood B A
Fabaceae Amorpha fruticosa Desert false indigo C -
Fabaceae Cercis canadensis Redbud, Eastern B I
Fabaceae Gleditsia aquatica Locust, Water D -
Fabaceae Gleditsia triacanthos Locust, Honey C -
Fabaceae Robinia pseudoacacia Locust, Black C -
Fagaceae Castanea dentada Chestnut, American D -
Fagaceae Fagus grandifolia Beech, American B B
Fagaceae Quercus alba Oak, White A A
Fagaceae Quercus coccinea Oak, Scarlet D -
Fagaceae Quercus falcata Oak, Southern Red B B
Fagaceae Quercus macrocarpa Oak, Bur D -
Fagaceae Quercus marilandica Oak, Blackjack D -
Fagaceae Quercus montana Oak, Chestnut A B
Fagaceae Quercus muehlenbergii Oak, Chinkapin D -
Fagaceae Quercus nigra Oak, Water B -
Fagaceae Quercus phellos Oak, Willow B -
Fagaceae Quercus rubra Oak, Northern Red C -
Fagaceae Quercus stellata Oak, Post B C
Fagaceae Quercus veluntina Oak, Black C D
Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum B -
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus flava Buckeye, Yellow D -
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus glabra Buckeye, Ohio D -
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus hippocastanum Horsechestnut D -
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus pavia Buckeye, Red D -
Hippocastanaceae Ulmus americana Elm, American D -
Hydrangeaceae Decumaria barbara Hydrangea, Climing D -
Hydrangeaceae Hydrangea arborescens Hydrangea, Wild D -
Hydrangeaceae Hydrangea quercifolia Hydrangea, Oakleaf D -
Juglandaceae Carya cordimormis Hickory, Bitternut C -
Juglandaceae Carya glabra Hickory, Pignut B C
Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensis Pecan I -
Juglandaceae Carya laciniosa Hickory, Shellbark C -
Juglandaceae Carya ovata Hickory, Shagbark C -
Juglandaceae Carya pallida Hickory, Sand D -
Juglandaceae Carya tomentosa Hickory, Mockernut B -
Juglandaceae Juglans cinerea Butternut D -
Juglandaceae Juglans nigra Walnut, Black C -
Lauraceae Sassafras albidum Sassafras A A
Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera Poplar, Tulip (also called Yellow Poplar) A A
Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree D -
Moraceae Morus rubra Mulberry, Red C -
Oleaceae Chionanthus virginicus Fringetree D -
Oleaceae Fraxinus americana Ash, White B -
Oleaceae Fraxinus pennsylvanica Ash, Green C -
Oleaceae Fraxinus quadrangulata Ash, Blue C -
Pinaceae Pinus echinata Pine, Shortleaf B B
Pinaceae Pinus strobus Pine, Eastern White B -
Pinaceae Pinus taeda Pine, Loblolly I I
Pinaceae Pinus virginiana Pine, Virginia A A
Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis Hemlock, Eastern A -
Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis Sycamore, American B -
Rhamnaceae Berchemia scandens Supplejack (Alabama S.) D -
Rhamnaceae Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea D -
Rhamnaceae Frangula caroliniana Buckthorn, Carolina C  C
Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea Serviceberry, Downy D -
Rosaceae Amelanchier canadensis Serviceberry, Shadblow D -
Rosaceae Amelanchier laevis Serviceberry, Alleghany D -
Rosaceae Crataegus spp. Hawthorn C I
Rosaceae Photinia pyrifoli Chokeberry C -
Rosaceae Prunus serotina Cherry, Black C -
Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush D -
Salicaceae Populus deltoides Cottonwood, Eastern D -
Santalaceae Buckleya distichophylla  Piratebush D -
Thymelaeaceae Dirca palustris Leatherwood, Eastern D -
Tiliaceae Tilia americana Basswood, American C -
Ulmaceae Celtis laevigata var. laevigata Sugarberry D -
Ulmaceae Celtis occidentalis Hackberry D -
Ulmaceae Ulmus alata Elm, Winged D -
Ulmaceae Ulmus rubra Elm, Slippery D -
Verbenaceae Callicarpa americana Beautyberry, American D -
Vitaceae Vitis aestivalis Grape, Summer C C

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